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1 August 2013 Energy concentration and phosphorus digestibility in canola, cottonseed, and sunflower products fed to growing pigs
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Abstract

Rodríguez, D. A., Sulabo, R. C., González-Vega, J. C. and Stein, H. H. 2013. Energy concentration and phosphorus digestibility in canola, cottonseed, and sunflower products fed to growing pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 93: 493-503. Many protein sources are available to the swine feed industry, but accurate data for the energy concentration and the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P in these ingredients are lacking. Therefore, two experiments were conducted to determine the concentration of digestible energy (DE), metabolizable energy (ME) and the STTD of P in oilseed products. In exp. 1, 48 barrows (44.8±3.9 kg) were fed a basal diet containing 97.15% corn or seven diets containing corn and canola seed (CS), canola meal (CM), cottonseed meal (CSM), sunflower seed (SFS), sunflower meal (SFM), de-hulled sunflower meal (SFM-DH), or soybean meal (SBM). Six pigs were allotted to each treatment. Sunflower seeds contained 5492 kcal kg-1, at least 689 kcal kg-1 more (P<0.05) ME than all other feed ingredients. Likewise, CS (4803 kcal kg-1) had greater (P<0.05) ME than SBM (3676 kcal kg-1), and both CS and SBM had greater (P<0.05) ME than CM, SFM, SFM-DH, and CSM (2998, 2725, 2631, and 2459 kcal kg-1, respectively). In exp. 2, 84 barrows (13.7±1.5 kg) were allotted to 14 diets, which contained each of the oilseed products without or with phytase, in a randomized complete block design with six pigs per dietary treatment. The STTD of P in SBM was at least 4 percentage units greater (P<0.05) than the STTD of P in the other ingredients. Adding phytase to the diets reduced fecal output of P from all ingredients and increased (P<0.05) the STTD of P for all ingredients except SFM-DH. The ME concentration in SFS and CS is greater than that of SBM and the STTD of P among these ingredients is comparable, which indicates that SFS and CS may be fed to growing pigs at the expense of SBM.

D. A. Rodríguez, R. C. Sulabo, J. C. González-Vega, and H. H. Stein "Energy concentration and phosphorus digestibility in canola, cottonseed, and sunflower products fed to growing pigs," Canadian Journal of Animal Science 93(4), (1 August 2013). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJAS2013-020
Received: 1 February 2013; Accepted: 8 July 2013; Published: 1 August 2013
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