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1 November 2012 Nitrogen management of fallow crops in Canadian prairie soils
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Abstract

Karamanos, R. E., Selles, F., James, D. C. and Stevenson, F. C. 2012. Nitrogen management of fallow crops in Canadian prairie soils. Can. J. Plant Sci. 92: 1389-1401. The ability of fallow to supply nitrogen (N) to crops has been questioned, particularly for crops with greater N requirements. A study was conducted to determine canola (Brassica napus L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) responses to a range of N fertilizer rates (0-75 kg N ha-1 for canola and 0-50 kg N ha-1 for wheat) at 17 fallow sites across Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada, from 2003 to 2005. Yield and N uptake responses to progressively greater N fertilizer rates were curvilinear for both crops. Maximum yield occurred with 76 kg N ha-1 for canola yield (2190 kg ha-1) and 47 kg N ha-1 for wheat (2910 kg ha-1). Maximum N uptake occurred at about 90 kg N ha-1 for both crops. Wheat grain yield and N uptake responses were mostly associated with normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) at anthesis or flag leaf, whereas canola yields and N uptake were most associated with NDVI at five-leaf or bolting, or Cardy Nitrate meter at bolting. The preceding relationships were most apparent at the highest N fertilizer rates. Canola and wheat water use were not affected by N fertilizer rate, but water use efficiency increased linearly for both crops as N fertilizer rate was increased.

R. E. Karamanos, F. Selles, D. C. James, and F. C. Stevenson "Nitrogen management of fallow crops in Canadian prairie soils," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 92(7), 1389-1401, (1 November 2012). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJPS2012-031
Received: 8 February 2012; Accepted: 1 July 2012; Published: 1 November 2012
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