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1 May 2013 Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) tolerance to mixtures of herbicides and fungicides applied at different timings
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Abstract

Robinson, M. A., Cowbrough, M. J., Sikkema, P. H. and Tardif, F. J. 2013. Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) tolerance to mixtures of herbicides and fungicides applied at different timings. Can. J. Plant Sci. 93: 491-501. Farmers commonly tank-mix herbicides and fungicides to reduce application costs. In the spring of 2008, there were reports of winter wheat injury with the application of herbicide-fungicide tank-mixes early in the growing season. This study was established to determine the tolerance of winter wheat to herbicide-fungicide mixtures as influenced by time of application. Field studies were conducted at four Ontario locations in 2009 and 2010 with three herbicides and four fungicides. Herbicide-fungicide tank-mixes were applied early, under cold conditions, and late at growth stage Zadoks 37-39. Dichlorprop/2,4-D mixed with tebuconazole caused up to 15% injury when applied early and up to 29% injury when applied late. Bromoxynil/MPCA mixed with tebuconazole injured wheat up to 15% when applied early but only 10% when applied late. Other herbicide and fungicide mixes caused a lower level of injury. Visible injury was transient and did not reduce winter wheat yields. The likelihood of tank-mixes causing injury was greater when they were applied late. The fungicide tebuconazole caused the highest level of injury when mixed with herbicides and injury was particularly high with dichlorprop/2,4-D.

Melody A. Robinson, Michael J. Cowbrough, Peter H. Sikkema, and François J. Tardif "Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) tolerance to mixtures of herbicides and fungicides applied at different timings," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 93(3), 491-501, (1 May 2013). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJPS2012-181
Received: 24 July 2012; Accepted: 1 December 2012; Published: 1 May 2013
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