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1 June 2016 Effect of nitrogen rate and fertilizer nitrogen source on physiology, yield, grain quality, and nitrogen use efficiency in corn
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Abstract

A two-year (2010-2011) field experiment was undertaken to examine the effect of nitrogen (N) rate (0, 100, 150, and 200 kg N ha-1) and N source (urea, calcium ammonium nitrate; ammonium sulphate) on canopy reflectance, chlorophyll pigments, photosynthesis, yield, grain quality, and N-use efficiency in corn. However, the physiological observations were made only in 2011. We found that stover biomass was unaffected by higher N rate beyond 150 kg N ha-1 in both years. Higher N rates did not provide a yield advantage as compared to 150 kg N ha-1 in 2010, but the highest grain yield was produced with 200 kg N ha-1 in 2011. The higher grain yield by N application was attributed to a greater kernel size in both years. Corn stover [N] was found to increase with increasing N rates in both years. Kernel [N] only responded to the high N rate in 2010. There was no change in the kernel density as affected by N rate in both years. An increased N addition resulted in a decrease in both N-uptake efficiency and agronomic-N use efficiency in both years. There was an inconsistent effect of N source on yield and N use efficiency indices in the corn over two years.

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Dilip K. Biswas and Bao-Luo Ma "Effect of nitrogen rate and fertilizer nitrogen source on physiology, yield, grain quality, and nitrogen use efficiency in corn," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 96(3), 392-403, (1 June 2016). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJPS-2015-0186
Received: 11 June 2015; Accepted: 1 October 2015; Published: 1 June 2016
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