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1 December 2004 Arboreal Species Richness in Piedmont North Carolina 1764–1996
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Abstract
The 40,000 ha Wachovia (Wachau) tract, which encompasses much of modern Forsyth County, North Carolina, was surveyed by Reuter (1760–64), with subsequent surveys by Kramsch (1789–1791) and von Schweinitz (1821). Reuter's survey, despite its limitations, is valuable because it is the first record by a trained expert of the plant and animal species present during the European settlement of the piedmont frontier, predating reports from well-known pioneering botanists such as André Michaux, William Bartram and Asa Gray. A comparison of Reuter's list with a modern survey reveals that all the tree species he recorded are currently present in Forsyth County. Despite massive anthropogenic community disruption, there has been no loss of tree species diversity (measured as presence/absence) following European settlement. Due to the presence of introduced species, tree species richness is probably greater now than in 1764.
Robert A. Browne and Jeffrey LaVoie "Arboreal Species Richness in Piedmont North Carolina 1764–1996," Castanea 69(sp2), (1 December 2004). https://doi.org/10.2179/0008-7475(2004)sp2[206:ASRIPN]2.0.CO;2
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