We have previously observed that subunits of the chaperonin required for actin production (type-II chaperonin containing T-complex polypeptide 1 [CCT]) localize at sites of microfilament assembly. In this article we extend this observation by showing that substantially substoichiometric CCT reduces the initial rate of pyrene-labeled actin polymerization in vitro where eubacterial chaperonin GroEL had no such effect. CCT subunits bound selectively to F-actin in cosedimentation assays, and CCT reduced elongation rates from both purified actin filament “seeds” and the short and stabilized, minus-end blocked filaments in erythrocyte membrane cytoskeletons. These observations suggest CCT might remain involved in biogenesis of the actin cytoskeleton, by acting at filament ( ) ends, beyond its already well-established role in producing new actin monomers.
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