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1 July 2006 Helminth Parasites of the Grotto Salamander, Eurycea spelaea (Caudata: Plethodontidae), from Northern Arkansas and Southern Missouri, U.S.A
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Abstract

Thirty-eight larval and adult Eurycea (=Typhlotriton) spelaea were borrowed from the Arkansas State University Museum Herpetological (ASUMZ) collection and examined for helminth parasites. These salamanders were collected at various times between 1936–1988 from locales in Independence, Izard, Sharp, and Stone counties, Arkansas, U.S.A., and Boone, Howell, and Taney counties, Missouri, U.S.A. In addition, 2 larval E. spelaea were collected more recently (March 2001 and May 2004) from Fulton and Madison counties, Arkansas, and 8 more larvae were collected (March 2003) from 2 caves in Shannon County, Missouri. Eight of the ASUMZ salamanders and 1 larvae from Madison County, Arkansas (9/40, 22.5%) harbored infections, including 1 (2.5%) with the trematode Plagioporus gyrinophili Catalano and Etges, 1981; 3 (7.5%) with the cestode Bothriocephalus typhlotritonis Reeves, 1949; 5 (12.5%) with the trichurid nematode Amphibiocapillaria tritonispunctati (Diesing, 1851) Moravec, 1982; 1 (2.5%) with the seuratoid nematode Omeia papillocauda Rankin, 1937, and 1 (2.5%) with the acanthocephalan Fessisentis vancleavei (Hughes and Moore, 1943) Nickol, 1972. In addition, all 8 larval E. spelaea from Shannon County, Missouri, harbored neascus type metacercariae of an undetermined strigeoid trematode in their gills and body tissues. Plagioporus gyrinophili, O. papillocauda, and F. vancleavei represent new helminth records for this host; new geographic distributional records are documented for P. gyrinophili and B. typhlotritonis.

Chris T. McAllister, Charles R. Bursey, Stanley E. Trauth, and Danté B. Fenolio "Helminth Parasites of the Grotto Salamander, Eurycea spelaea (Caudata: Plethodontidae), from Northern Arkansas and Southern Missouri, U.S.A," Comparative Parasitology 73(2), 291-297, (1 July 2006). https://doi.org/10.1654/4196.1
Published: 1 July 2006
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