A total of 107 leptodactylid frogs representing 6 species, Leptodactylus fuscus (n = 15), Leptodactylus leptodactyloides (n = 9), Leptodactylus mystaceus (n = 2), Leptodactylus ocellatus (n = 31), Leptodactylus petersii (n = 31), and Leptodactylus pustulatus (n = 19), collected in the Brazilian state of Tocantins, were examined for helminths. One species of Digenea (Catadiscus marinholutzi), 6 species of Nematoda (adults of Cosmocerca podicipinus, Ochoterenella scalaris, Oswaldocruzia proencai, and Schrankiana larvata and larvae of Brevimulticaecum sp. and Physaloptera sp.), and 1 species of Acanthocephala (as cystacanths) were found. The mean number of helminth species infecting each frog species was 3.3 ± 2.1 SD, with a range of 1–7. Ten new host records are reported.
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