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1 February 2005 Small-Grained Wild Grasses as Staple Food at the 23 000-Year-Old Site of Ohalo II, Israel
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Abstract

More than 16 000 grains of small-grained grasses were retrieved at Ohalo II, a submerged 23 000-year-old site on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel. The grains were part of a very large archaeobotanical assemblage, unique for its period and region, as well as its exceptionally good preservation. This paper proposes that these grains were a staple food at Ohalo II, based on several lines of evidence: 1. the large number of grains found; 2. the fact that all grains were fully mature; and 3. ethnographic parallels for the use of small-grained grasses in hunter-gatherers' societies as well as among present-day agriculturalists.

Ehud Weiss, Mordechai E. Kislev, Orit Simchoni, and Dani Nadel "Small-Grained Wild Grasses as Staple Food at the 23 000-Year-Old Site of Ohalo II, Israel," Economic Botany 58(sp1), (1 February 2005). https://doi.org/10.1663/0013-0001(2004)58[S125:SWGASF]2.0.CO;2
Received: 21 August 2003; Accepted: 20 November 2003; Published: 1 February 2005
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