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1 December 2001 Adsorption Model of Aerosolized Bacterial Spores (Bacillus subtilis Variety niger) Onto Free-Flying Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and its Validation
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Abstract
It has been shown that honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) adsorb bacterial spores as a function of the electrostatic charge on the bee and concentration of bacteria in the aerosol during tethered flight in wind tunnel experiments. This report presents a mathematical model for predicting the number of spores that could be adsorbed onto free-flying bees passing through a bacterial spore aerosol plume/cloud and experimental validation of this model. The model accounts for the geometry of the aerosol dispersion from a continuous point source, aerosol particle settling, and adsorption and desorption rates onto/off of bees based on laboratory observations of tethered flying honey bees.
K. R. S. Prier, B. Lighthart and J. J. Bromenshenk "Adsorption Model of Aerosolized Bacterial Spores (Bacillus subtilis Variety niger) Onto Free-Flying Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and its Validation," Environmental Entomology 30(6), (1 December 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-30.6.1188
Received: 27 February 2001; Accepted: 1 August 2001; Published: 1 December 2001
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