The high-altitude wind-borne migration of beet webworm, Loxostege sticticalis, moths with other insects and their short-distance dispersal were observed with a digital scanning radar and twin light-traps (a vertical-pointing searchlight trap operated alongside a ground-based conventional light-trap) in northern China in 2002. Catches in both light traps suggested there were four flight periods of L. sticticalis during our study. The ovarian development stage of females caught in the light traps coupled with radar observations indicated that L. sticticalis migrated to the northeast in early June, whereas locally bred moths dispersed over shorter distances in mid-July and early August. The variation of the area density of insects through time during the spring migration was different from that during the summer dispersal; there was no density peak during spring, but such a peak occurred every evening in summer. Collective orientation by the moths was observed in the spring migration, with the direction of orientation being toward the northeast. In contrast, there was no common orientation in summer. Multilevel layering of migrants was seen every night in our observations in both spring and summer. The layering phenomenon was related to wind speed maxima rather than to temperature inversions when the air temperature was above the threshold for migration.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.