The effect of temperature on development time, reproductive capacity, and rate of survival for Aphis punicae was studied at five different (constant) temperatures (17.5, 20, 22.5, 25, and 27.5°C). The development period for immature instar stages ranged from 11.72 d at 17.5°C to 4.30 d at 27.5°C. The lowest developmental threshold was 11.8°C, and the thermal constant (K) was 66.4 DD. The percentage survivorship of immature stages varied from 72.0 to 90.0% over a temperature range of 17.5–27.5°C. The average longevity of adult females was 16.50, 17.17, 18.16, 12.04, and 8.91 d at temperatures of 17.5, 20, 22.5, 25, and 27.5°C, respectively. The average number of offspring produced by a single female was 14.65, 22.68, 31.34, 21.31, and 11.27 at temperatures of 17.5, 20, 22.5, 25, and 27.5°C, respectively. The greatest rm (0.3292) was observed at 25°C. The optimal temperature for A. punicae growth, development, and reproduction was 22.5–25°C.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.