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1 June 2006 Interplant Movement of Potato Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Response to Environmental Stimuli
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Abstract
Potato aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas), is a highly mobile aphid species that dominates aphid communities in Maine potato fields and may contribute to virus transmission between potato plants. We studied effects of simulated rain, wind, mechanical raking, fungicide application, reflective mulch, and predator [lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallast)] on the interplant movement of wingless adult potato aphids in greenhouse experimental arenas that imitated small segments of a potato field. The number of aphids dispersing from the central plant in the arena after a tested perturbation was recorded. Experiments were repeated with 3- to 4-wk-old plants with nonoverlapping canopies and with 4- to 5-wk old plants with canopies overlapping within rows. Aphids moved between potato plants even when canopies did not overlap and without any environmental perturbations. However, more aphids moved between larger plants with overlapping canopies. Rain significantly encouraged aphid movement between plants with nonoverlapping canopies. Wind, rain, and mechanical raking significantly encouraged aphid movement between plants with overlapping canopies. Regardless of canopy overlap, most aphids moved within the rows of potato plants. However, there was also considerable movement between the rows, even though the aphids had to walk over bare soil.
Girish K. Narayandas and Andrei V. Alyokhin "Interplant Movement of Potato Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Response to Environmental Stimuli," Environmental Entomology 35(3), (1 June 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-35.3.733
Received: 30 November 2005; Accepted: 1 February 2006; Published: 1 June 2006
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