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1 February 2007 Olfactory and Visual Stimuli Affecting Host Plant Detection in Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
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The relative effects of visual and olfactory stimuli on host plant detection in immature and adult Homalodisca coagulata Say (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) were studied using a novel olfactometer and factorial experimental designs. Colored, gray, and white cards were used as visual targets. Each card was attached to a glass thistle tube from which host-plant odor (from Vigna unguiculata L.) or blank, humidified air was dispensed. Visual odor stimuli combinations were presented in no-choice tests. Nymphs were released onto a perch stick downwind from the target. Nymph response to color odor treatments was measured by the duration of orientation behavior, residence time on the perch, and percentage of individuals that jumped to the target. The assay was modified so that adults crawled from the perch onto the target. Adult response was measured by the duration of individual behaviors (e.g., foraging) and by their position and residence time on the target. Both main effects and interactive effects of the stimuli were observed. Nymphs showed a decrease in orientation and residence times in the colored target host odor treatments and increased jumping response in the gray host odor treatment. When adults were exposed to host odor, the duration of foraging behavior increased, whereas crawling and phototactic behaviors decreased. Although nymphs and adults responded to visual stimuli blank air treatments, host odor enhanced their responses. The primary effect of host odor on host detection behavior may be to enhance H. coagulata responsiveness to visual cues.
J. M. Patt and M. Sétamou "Olfactory and Visual Stimuli Affecting Host Plant Detection in Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)," Environmental Entomology 36(1), (1 February 2007).[142:OAVSAH]2.0.CO;2
Received: 6 April 2006; Accepted: 8 October 2006; Published: 1 February 2007

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