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1 February 2007 Development of Iphiseiodes quadripilis (Banks) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on Pollen or Mite Diets and Predation on Aculops pelekassi (Keifer) (Acari: Eriophyidae) in the Laboratory
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Abstract

Development and reproduction of Iphiseiodes quadripilis (Banks) were evaluated on single food diets of pollen (Malephora crocea Jacquin [ice plant] or Quercus sp. [oak]), spider mites, [Eutetranychus banksi (McGregor) or Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae)], or the citrus rust mite Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Ashmead) (Acari: Eriophyidae). Experiments were conducted in an environmental chamber at 28° ± 1°C, 14:10 (L:D) daylength, and 45% RH. I. quadripilis completed development and laid viable eggs that subsequently hatched on diets of either ice plant or oak pollen or eggs and motile stages of E. banksi. P. citri was acceptable as prey, but survival of larvae to adults was only 36%, whereas survival on E. banksi, ice plant pollen, and oak pollen was 48, 60, and 68%, respectively. The webbing produced by P. citri seemed to inhibit foraging behavior of I. quadripilis larvae and nymphs. Larvae of I. quadripilis developed only to the second nymphal instar on a diet of P. oleivora alone or water alone. Starved I. quadripilis females and deutonymphs were observed preying on the pink citrus rust mite, Aculops pelekassi (Keifer) (Eriophyidae). During 4-min observation trials, two series of I. quadripilis fed on 1.8 ± 0.47 and 3.5 ± 0.45 A. pelekassi motile stages after being starved for 6 and 24 h, respectively. I. quadripilis females did not prey on P. oleivora in arenas containing both rust mite species.

Raul T. Villanueva and Carl C. Childers "Development of Iphiseiodes quadripilis (Banks) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on Pollen or Mite Diets and Predation on Aculops pelekassi (Keifer) (Acari: Eriophyidae) in the Laboratory," Environmental Entomology 36(1), (1 February 2007). https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X(2007)36[9:DOIQBA]2.0.CO;2
Received: 4 October 2005; Accepted: 9 October 2006; Published: 1 February 2007
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