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1 June 2007 Decline of Soybean Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Egg Populations from Autumn to Spring on the Primary Host, Rhamnus cathartica
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Soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Homoptera: Aphididae), is a severe pest of soybeans in North America. Soybean aphid populations cycle between a secondary summer host, where populations reproduce parthenogenetically and a primary host, where populations overwinter as eggs. In North America, the secondary host is soybean, and the primary hosts are Rhamnus cathartica L. (Rhamnaceae) and R. alnifolia L’Her. A location with abundant populations of soybean aphid on R. cathartica was identified near Guelph, Ontario, Canada, in October 2004, and eggs on trees were counted at multiple sites within that location each autumn and spring over the next 2 yr. Dynamics of naturally occurring soybean aphid populations on the primary host were assessed with respect to (1) decline of overwintering eggs from autumn to spring, (2) development of spring populations on R. cathartica, and (3) development of soybean aphid populations on soybean immediately adjacent to overwintering sites. Counts of aphid eggs declined by ≈70% between autumn and spring sampling periods in 2004–2005. Significant differences in counts of aphid eggs relative to sampling height were observed in the canopy of R. cathartica. No edge effects were observed in the development of soybean aphid populations in soybeans adjacent to overwintering sites in this study. Very few eggs were collected at the same study location in the autumn of 2005, and no aphid eggs were collected from samples taken in the spring of 2006. Egg counts taken in the autumn of 2006 were intermediate in number relative to counts taken in the autumn of 2004 and 2005.

J. A. Welsman, C. A. Bahlai, M. K. Sears, and A. W. Schaafsma "Decline of Soybean Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Egg Populations from Autumn to Spring on the Primary Host, Rhamnus cathartica," Environmental Entomology 36(3), 541-548, (1 June 2007).[541:DOSAHA]2.0.CO;2
Received: 31 August 2006; Accepted: 2 February 2007; Published: 1 June 2007

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