Laboratory clip-cage studies were conducted to quantify the temperature-dependent development, survivorship, and reproduction and to generate life history characteristics and population growth parameters of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, on phenologically standardized greenhouse-grown cottons at 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35°C. The developmental thresholds were estimated to be 6.3, 6.7, 5.9, 5.9, and 6.3°C for first to fourth instars and for total nymphal development, respectively. The maximum rate of development were estimated to occur at 32.2, 30.8, 30.4, 30.0, and 30.2°C for first to fourth instars and for total nymphal development, respectively. Increased temperature resulted in more rapid decline in survivorship, which was particularly sharp at 35°C, dropping from 94 to 17% in 5 d. Number of days elapsed until first deposition of progeny increased progressively and sharply at temperatures 10 (26 d) to 15 (15 d) to 20°C (8 d) and stabilized at 5 d for 25, 30, and 35°C. Average lifetime fecundity of females rose from a low of 9.76 progeny at 10°C to a peak of 58.9 progeny at 30°C and declined sharply to 17.3 at 35°C. Finite rate of population growth was highest at 25°C and lowest at 10°C. Although stage-specific developmental maxima occurred between 30 and 32°C, a nonlinear regression model estimated 28.6°C to be the optimum temperature for overall cotton aphid development, reproduction, and population increase.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.