We examined flight activity patterns for a guild of fire ant parasitoids in western Argentina in relationship to their host’s location (mound/foraging trail) and light condition (full sun/partial sun/full shade) at different scales, from the individually sampled mound to the full day’s summation for each species. We asked first whether taxa showed preferences among these conditions, and second, whether certain species and sexes might be found together more frequently than expected to by chance. All species, except the P. obtusus species complex, were significantly more likely to be found attacking ants at disturbed mounds than at paired foraging trails. The P. nocens complex and P. litoralis were more likely to be in the shade when temperatures were above the overall mean of the study (28.3°C), whereas others, such as the P. obtusus complex and P. tricuspis, were more likely to be in full sun under these same conditions. Our analyses indicated that a limited set of species, particularly P. nocens with P. litoralis, and males with female P. obtusus and P. tricuspis, were more likely to be found together than expected. We also found decreasing proportions of males with increasing time of analysis. We discuss the implications of host location, metereological conditions, and sex ratios in relationship to ongoing classical biological control efforts using species of these phorids.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.