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1 October 2007 Comparison of Female Attractiveness and Male Response Among Populations of Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) in Western and Eastern U.S. Apple Orchards
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Abstract

Female obliquebanded leafrollers, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), collected from Oregon, Michigan, and New York were deployed in delta traps in Michigan apple orchards to compare their relative attractiveness to Michigan males of the same species. Females originating from Oregon attracted more males than females originating from New York during both generations of leafroller flight in Michigan. Also, females from Oregon attracted more males in Michigan than did “native” Michigan females during the first generation of flight. Analysis of gland extracts from the three populations revealed significantly more of each pheromone component in females originating from Oregon (approximately nine-fold more pheromone per female overall) than those from Michigan. However, there were no significant differences in the relative amounts of each pheromone component between Oregon and Michigan females. A 100:4:5:2 blend of Z11–14:OAc, E11–14:OAc, Z11–14:OH, and Z11–14:Ald was optimal for catching males in Michigan with no added or detrimental effect of Z11–14:Ald, confirming previous studies. However, 100:1 ratios of Z11–14:OAc relative to either E11–14:OAc or Z11–14:OH (also containing 2% Z11–14:Ald) captured more males in Oregon apple orchards compared with 100:4 and 100:10 ratios of Z11–14:OAc relative to either E11–14:OAc or Z11–14:OH. Addition of increasing amounts of Z11–14:Ald relative to Z11–14:OAc (range, 0–8:100) into a blend also containing 4% E11–14:OAc and 5% Z11–14:OH increased male catch in Oregon but not in Michigan. Our results suggest that pheromone blend quantity rather than blend quality may explain greater attractiveness of western compared with eastern female C. rosaceana to males in Michigan. Also, an optimized generic blend for monitoring male C. rosaceana across North America should contain Z11–14:Ald as has been previously shown, but should not exceed 4:100 ratios of both E11–14:OAc and Z11–14:OH relative to Z11–14:OAc for optimized catch of males in the western United States.

L. L. Stelinski, D. Mckenzie, L. J. Gut, R. Isaacs, and J. Brunner "Comparison of Female Attractiveness and Male Response Among Populations of Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) in Western and Eastern U.S. Apple Orchards," Environmental Entomology 36(5), 1032-1039, (1 October 2007). https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X(2007)36[1032:COFAAM]2.0.CO;2
Received: 11 May 2007; Accepted: 26 July 2007; Published: 1 October 2007
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