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1 February 2008 Life Table and Temperature-Dependent Development of Diadegma anurum (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) on Its Host Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)
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Abstract

Life table and temperature-dependent development of Diadegma anurum (Thomson) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) was studied on diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) reared on cabbage, Brassica oleracea L. variety capitata, and cauliflower, Brassica oleracea L. variety botrytis. The developmental periods of immature stages were recorded at five constant temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30, and 35°C). The population of D. anurum and its host failed to survive at 35°C. Mean total development time of D. anurum was not significantly different on two host plants except at 25°C. The developmental zero (low temperature threshold) was estimated to be 7.0 and 6.9°C, and the thermal constant was 282.3 and 277.7 DD on cabbage and cauliflower, respectively, using the linear model. Data were fitted to four nonlinear temperature-dependent models. Evaluation of the models was carried out based on the following criteria: fit to data, number and biological values of the fitted coefficients, and accuracy on the estimation of the thresholds. Consequently, the Briere-1 model was accepted and recommended for the description of temperature-dependent development of D. anurum. The life table parameters of D. anurum were also studied at 25°C constant temperature. Its intrinsic rate of increase (rm) and mean generation time (T) were estimated to be 0.169 and 16.083 d on cabbage, respectively. The life table parameters of D. anurum can be used to develop the models of population dynamics and prediction.

A. Golizadeh, K. Kamali, Y. Fathipour, and H. Abbasipour "Life Table and Temperature-Dependent Development of Diadegma anurum (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) on Its Host Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)," Environmental Entomology 37(1), 38-44, (1 February 2008). https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X(2008)37[38:LTATDO]2.0.CO;2
Received: 25 February 2007; Accepted: 23 October 2007; Published: 1 February 2008
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