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1 June 2009 Development of the Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in Relation to Temperature
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Abstract

The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens L., was reared on a grain-based diet at 27, 30, and 36°C. Survival of 4- to 6-d-old larvae to adults averaged 74–97% at 27 and 30°C but was only 0.1% at 36°C. Flies required a mean of ≈4 d (11%) longer to complete larval and pupal development at 27°C than at 30°C. At 27 and 30°C, females weighed an average of 17–19% more than males but required an average of 0.6–0.8 d (3.0–4.3%) longer to complete larval development. At both temperatures, adult females lived an average of ≈3.5 d less than adult males. The duration of larval development was a significant predictor of adult longevity. Temperature differences of even 3°C produce significant fitness tradeoffs for males and females, influencing life history attributes and having practical applications for forensic entomology.

© 2009 Entomological Society of America
Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Peter H. Adler, and Heidi M. Myers "Development of the Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in Relation to Temperature," Environmental Entomology 38(3), 930-934, (1 June 2009). https://doi.org/10.1603/022.038.0347
Received: 22 December 2008; Accepted: 1 April 2009; Published: 1 June 2009
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