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1 December 2009 Life History and Life Tables of Bactericera cockerelli (Homoptera: Psyllidae) on Eggplant and Bell Pepper
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Abstract
The development, survivorship, and fecundity of the potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc), fed on eggplant (Solanum melongena L., variety Special Hibush) and bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L., variety Capsitrano) were studied in the laboratory at 26.7 ± 2°C, 70 ± 5% RH, and at a photoperiod of 14:10 (L:D) h. Immature B. cockerelli developed faster (24.1 d) when fed on eggplant than on bell pepper (26.2 d). Survival rates of immature stages from egg to adult emergence were higher on eggplant (50.2%) than on bell pepper (34.6%). The longevity of B. cockerelli female adults fed on bell pepper was similar to that of females fed on eggplant (62.2 versus 55.0 d), but the male adults fed on eggplant lived shorter lives (39.4 d) than those fed on bell pepper (53.9 d). However, the preoviposition and oviposition periods, fecundity, and sex ratio of B. cockerelli fed on eggplant were not different from those fed on bell pepper. The rm value and the finite rate of increase (λ) of B. cockerelli were higher on eggplant (0.1099 and 1.116, respectively) than on bell pepper (0.0884 and 1.0924, respectively). Mean generation time and doubling time of B. cockerelli were shorter on eggplant (40.4 and 6.3 d, respectively) than on bell pepper (46.1 and 7.8 d, respectively). In contrast, lifetime fecundity of B. cockerelli was greater on bell pepper (227.3 offspring) than on eggplant (186.5 offspring). Based on these life history parameters, we concluded that B. cockerelli performed better on eggplant than on bell pepper.
© 2009 Entomological Society of America
Xiang-Bing Yang and Tong-Xian Liu "Life History and Life Tables of Bactericera cockerelli (Homoptera: Psyllidae) on Eggplant and Bell Pepper," Environmental Entomology 38(6), (1 December 2009). https://doi.org/10.1603/022.038.0619
Received: 25 March 2009; Accepted: 1 June 2009; Published: 1 December 2009
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