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1 April 2010 Pheromone Attraction and Cross-Attraction of Nezara, Acrosternum, and Euschistus spp. Stink Bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in the Field
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Detecting infestations of stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) using pheromones remains problematic, particularly so in the United States for the exotic stink bug, Nezara viridula L., and our native stink bug, Acrosternum hilare (Say). Therefore, we conducted a 2-yr on-farm study to examine the attractiveness and possible cross-attraction of the reported pheromones for N. viridula and A. hilare and those previously discovered for Euschistus servus (Say) and Plautia stall Scott to N. viridula, A. hilare, and E. servus. The attractiveness of selected pentatomid pheromones to tachinid parasitoids of stink bugs was also examined. We showed for the first time under field conditions that N. viridula can be trapped with its reported pheromone, a 3:1 trans- to cis-(Z)-α-bisabolene epoxide blend. In fact, attraction of N. viridula increased with higher pheromone doses. Traps baited with a 5:95 trans- to cis-(Z)-α-bisabolene epoxide blend, the reported male-produced A. hilare attractant pheromone, failed to attract significantly more A. hilare than did unbaited control traps. Instead A. hilare was significantly cross-attracted to the P. stali pheromone [methyl (E,E;,Z) -2,4,6-decatrienoate]. The E. servus pheromone [methyl (E,Z) -2,4-decadienoate], either alone or in combination with P. stali pheromone, was more attractive to E. servus than to N. viridula, P. stali, or A. hilare pheromones. In general, tachinid parasitoids were found responsive to the male-specific volatiles of their known hosts, including the attractiveness of Trichopoda pennipes (F.) to sesquiterpenoid blends characteristic of A. hilare and N. viridula. A tachinid parasitoid of E. servus, Cylindromyia sp., seemed to be attracted to E. servus pheromone. In conclusion, our results indicate that stink bug traps baited with lures containing N. viridula pheromone blend, P. stali pheromone, and E. servus pheromone have the greatest potential for detecting populations of N. viridula, A. hilare, and E. servus, respectively, in diversified agricultural landscapes.
P. G. Tillman, J. R. Aldrich, A. Khrimian and T. E. Cottrell "Pheromone Attraction and Cross-Attraction of Nezara, Acrosternum, and Euschistus spp. Stink Bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in the Field," Environmental Entomology 39(2), (1 April 2010).
Received: 13 April 2009; Accepted: 1 October 2009; Published: 1 April 2010

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