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1 December 2012 How Conserved are the Bacterial Communities Associated with Aphids? A Detailed Assessment of the Brevicoryne brassicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Using 16S rDNA
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Abstract
Aphids harbor a community of bacteria that include obligate and facultative endosymbionts belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae along with opportunistic, commensal, or pathogenic bacteria. This study represents the first detailed analysis of the identity and diversity of the bacterial community associated with the cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae (L.). 16S rDNA sequence analysis revealed that the community of bacteria associated with B. brassicae was diverse, with at least four different bacterial community types detected among aphid lines, collected from widely dispersed sites in Northern Britain. The bacterial sequence types isolated from B. brassicae showed little similarity to any bacterial endosymbionts characterized in insects; instead, they were closely related to freeliving extracellular bacterial species that have been isolated from the aphid gut or that are known to be present in the environment, suggesting that they are opportunistic bacteria transmitted between the aphid gut and the environment. To quantify variation in bacterial community between aphid lines, which was driven largely by differences in the proportions of two dominant bacterial orders, the Pseudomonales and the Enterobacteriales, we developed a novel real-time (Taqman) qPCR assay. By improving our knowledge of aphid microbial ecology, and providing novel molecular tools to examine the presence and function of the microbial community, this study forms the basis of further research to explore the influence of the extracellular bacterial community on aphid fitness, pest status, and susceptibility to control by natural enemies.
© 2012 Entomological Society of America
E. L. Clark, T. J. Daniell, J. Wishart, S. F. Hubbard and A. J. Karley "How Conserved are the Bacterial Communities Associated with Aphids? A Detailed Assessment of the Brevicoryne brassicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Using 16S rDNA," Environmental Entomology 41(6), (1 December 2012). https://doi.org/10.1603/EN12152
Received: 23 May 2012; Accepted: 1 October 2012; Published: 1 December 2012
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