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1 December 2014 The Effect of Time Postexposure and Sex on the Horizontal Transmission of Metarhizium brunneum Conidia between Asian Longhorned Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Mates
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Abstract

A study using Metarhizium brunneum Petch fungal bands designed to improve delivery of conidia to adult Asian longhorned beetles, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), was conducted to determine how a time delay between exposure to infective conidia and pairing of male and female beetles would affect the ability to successfully transfer lethal doses of conidia to a mate. We measured conidial load at the time of mate pairing (0, 4, 24, 48 h postexposure) and assessed its effect on beetle mortality. Conidial load per beetle decreased across the four sampling times, and there was no effect of beetle sex on conidial load. At all time periods postexposure, beetles that climbed across fungal bands carried enough conidia that at least some of their indirectly exposed mates died of mycosis. For indirectly exposed beetles, mortality decreased significantly as the time delay increased from 0 to 48 h, and this was independent of beetle sex. Median survival time was only 11.5 d for females indirectly exposed immediately after their mate had been exposed, but >3 wk when there was a 48-h delay before pairing. Generally, beetles exposed directly to fungal bands died faster than their indirectly exposed mates. In contrast to the pattern seen for indirectly exposed beetles, beetles exposed directly to fungal bands showed no change in survival times with a delay between exposure and pairing. Median survival times of exposed females and males were generally similar, at 10.5–12.5 d.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
Todd A. Ugine, Kenlyn E. Peters, Sana Gardescu, and Ann E. Hajek "The Effect of Time Postexposure and Sex on the Horizontal Transmission of Metarhizium brunneum Conidia between Asian Longhorned Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Mates," Environmental Entomology 43(6), 1552-1560, (1 December 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EN14116
Received: 22 April 2014; Accepted: 1 September 2014; Published: 1 December 2014
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