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1 February 2001 MALE SIZE, SPERM TRANSFER, AND COLONY FITNESS IN THE WESTERN HARVESTER ANT, POGONOMYRMEX OCCIDENTALIS
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Abstract

Mating success in the western harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex occidentalis, increases with male size. We tested the hypothesis that increased mating success increases male fitness and the fitness of colonies that make large males by comparing the sperm content of males prior to and at the conclusion of the mating swarm. The number of sperm a male initially possesses is a function of male size, and large males transfer a greater proportion of their sperm than do small males. For colonies, the payoff per unit of investment is an increasing function of male size, and investment in large males is not equivalent to investing in a larger number of small males. Allocation ratios in species that show size variation in reproductives may need to be modified by the individual fitness functions.

Diane C. Wiernasz, Amy K. Sater, Allison J. Abell, and Blaine J. Cole "MALE SIZE, SPERM TRANSFER, AND COLONY FITNESS IN THE WESTERN HARVESTER ANT, POGONOMYRMEX OCCIDENTALIS," Evolution 55(2), 324-329, (1 February 2001). https://doi.org/10.1554/0014-3820(2001)055[0324:MSSTAC]2.0.CO;2
Received: 22 May 2000; Accepted: 1 September 2000; Published: 1 February 2001
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