Although F1 female hybrids between Anopheles gambiae and A. arabiensis are fully fertile, sterility is present in backcross females. Here we report the results of a study into the genetic basis of backcross female sterility. Using 23 markers, we performed quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping analyses to identify chromosomal regions involved in hybrid female sterility. We found that female sterility in backcrosses in both directions is primarily caused by interspecific interactions between a heterozygous X chromosome and recessive autosomal factors. In addition, our data provide support for two theories implicated in Haldane's rule in a single taxon. A comparison with data from a previous study shows that male hybrid sterility QTL are present in higher numbers than female hybrid sterility QTL. Furthermore, autosomal female sterility factors tend to be recessive, supporting the dominance theory for female sterility. Finally, our data indicate a very large effect of the X chromosome from both species on hybrid female sterility, despite the fact that the X chromosome represents less than 9% of the genome. However, this could be the result of a lack of introgression of the X chromosome between A. gambiae and A. arabiensis, rather than a faster evolution of sterility factors on the X chromosome.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 59 • No. 5