Cassava and cacao are 2 of the most important crops grown in Costa Rica, and also are major sources of income for rural farmers. These crops are frequently attacked by Corynothrips stenopterus Williams and redbanded thrips, Selenothrips rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Most farmers who grow these crops apply synthetic insecticides on a calendar basis, but there are no well-established studies on the effectiveness or toxicity of different chemical insecticides on these species of thrips. The objective of this study was to determine the toxicity of 8 insecticides with different modes of action that are used in the control of other thrips species. Commercial formulations of chlorfenapyr, imidacloprid, chlorpyrifos, spinosad, malathion, thiamethoxam, spinetoram, and α-cypermethrin were evaluated on adults of both thrips species under laboratory conditions. Probit analyses showed that spinetoram, spinosad, and chlorfenapyr were the most effective against both thrips species, with median lethal dosages of 50% below 1 µg per mL for both species: 0.12, 0.08, and 0.21 µg per mL for C. stenopterus, and 6 × 10-3, 0.06, and 0.53 µg per mL for S. rubrocinctus. For the other 5 insecticides tested, C. stenopterus had a higher susceptibility than S. rubrocinctus. Among all the insecticides tested, malathion was the least efficacious against both thrips species. The mortality rate in the control treatments never exceeded 10%. The results of this study suggest that spinetoram, spinosad, and chlorfenapyr are the most efficacious insecticides for the control of both thrips species. These results should be complemented with field trials for confirmation.
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Vol. 101 • No. 4