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1 September 2016 Influence of Sun and Shade Conditions on Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Abundance and Feeding Activity on Tropical Soda Apple (Solanaceae) Under Field Conditions
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Abstract

Tropical soda apple is a perennial invasive weed species that has become a serious problem in both agricultural and natural areas of the southeastern United States. A field survey was conducted at a ranch in Madison County, Florida, to assess the effect of sun and shade conditions on the abundance and feeding activity of Gratiana boliviana Spaeth (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on tropical soda apple. The results revealed that beetle abundance and their feeding damage were greater on plants growing in full sun exposure than on plants growing in shaded habitat.

Eutychus M. Kariuki, Raymond L. Hix, Stephen D. Hight, Stuart R. Reitz, and Moses T. K. Kairo "Influence of Sun and Shade Conditions on Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Abundance and Feeding Activity on Tropical Soda Apple (Solanaceae) Under Field Conditions," Florida Entomologist 99(3), 552-554, (1 September 2016). https://doi.org/10.1653/024.099.0334
Published: 1 September 2016
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