The ostracod fauna from the outcroup “la falunière” of Grignon (Lutetian, Paris Basin): stratigraphical implications.
The rehabilitation of the outcroup “la falunière” of Grignon (shell marl pit) allowed for the first time to take an almost complete section of the Paris Basin Middle Lutetian under its uncimented facies. It was the opportunity to undertake sedimentological and paleontological studies. This publication presents results of the ostracode study. More than 6000 valves or carapaces were collected and 87 species was distinguished. Three new species are described : Paracypris keiji n. sp., Neocytherideis labyrinthoidea n. sp. and Grinioneis pachycosta n. sp. The ostracodes vertical distribution in the faluns of Grignon is probably without stratigraphical signification. On the contrary, the Lutetian ostracodes associations are characteristic, as well in comparison with those of the Ypresian that with those of the Auversian or of the Barton beds. Specific diversification reflects that of the environmental niches and the wealth in individuals testify of the abundance of the food. Ostracodes indicate that the Lutetian sea was shallow, from some decimetres to some metres, probably, and its waters limpid, not much agitated. The summer temperature of water was equal at least to that of present Mediterranean Sea. From a paleogeographic point of view, the similarity between gallic fauna seems much more narrow than between whatever of this gallic fauna and those of the Aquitanian basin; so, the majority of English Lutetian species are known in the Paris Basin while the proportion of common species of the Paris Basin and of the North Aquitain basin is weak.