Salvia ali-askaryi (Lamiaceae), a new species from Kurdistan Iraq, is described and illlustrated, and its distinguishing characters are discussed. It is easily separated from S. microstegia by having broadly ovate or elliptic-oblong (vs. ovate to oblong), irregularly serrate or dentate (vs. obtusely lobed) leaves, 12–23- (vs. 4–6)-flowered verticillasters, shortly bilobed or emarginate (vs. shortly tridentate, and median tooth much shorter) upper lip, and globose (vs. ovoid) nutlets 3–4 mm in diameter (vs. 3 × 2.5 mm). It differs from S. argentea by having usually eglandular lanate (vs. not lanate) lower stems, irregularly serrate or dentate (vs. irregularly erose) leaf margins, and white (vs. white, with a violet tinged) upper corolla lip.
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