Western Pond Turtles (Actinemys [Emys] marmorata) occur in habitats ranging from large rivers and reservoirs to small streams and ponds, as well as from sea level to about 2000-m elevation. This range of environments can affect population parameters such as body size, growth rates, survivorship, and reproductive output. We marked 321 individuals in 287 trap-days in 2007 and 2010 at a high-elevation pond on the southern flank of the Tehachapi Mountains in Southern California, USA. The population was female-biased (92 F:78 M in 2007, 113 F:60 M in 2010), and estimated to contain 412 individuals. Growth rates were relatively high compared with other populations of A. marmorata. Monthly survivorship was 0.989–1.000 for adults and juveniles and sλ values denoted a stable population. Clutch size averaged 6.3 eggs, and we found 22 instances of intra-annual double-clutching, and possibly a third clutch for one female. Population traits of turtles at this high-elevation pond differed little from turtles at lower elevation sites at the same latitude. Despite conservation threats to this species, this population is indicative that A. marmorata can survive well in small habitats, many of which are human-created, and this has increased the amount of habitat for the species as other natural areas have been eliminated.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.