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1 December 2011 The Y-STR Genetic Diversity of an Idaho Basque Population, with Comparison to European Basques and US Caucasians
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Abstract

Fifty unrelated Basque males from southwest Idaho were typed for the 17 Y-STR loci in the Yfiler multiplex kit (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATA H4.1 and DYS385a/b). In total, 42 haplotypes were identified, with no more than two individuals sharing a single haplotype. The haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.9935, and gene diversity (D) over loci was 0.457 ± 0.137. The Idaho Basque population was compared to the source population from the Basque autonomous region of Northern Spain and Southern France, as well as a United States Caucasian population. The haplotype diversity for the immigrant Basque sample is within 0.4% of the haplotype diversity of the European Basques (0.9903); thus the power of discrimination is similar for each population. The Idaho Basque population has less diversity in 9 out of 16 loci (considering DYS385a/b together) and 3% less diversity across all loci, compared to the European Basque population. A multidimensional scaling analysis (MDS) was created using pairwise RST values to compare the Idaho Basques to other populations. Based upon RST and FST measures, no significant differentiation was found between the Idaho and source European Basque population.

Copyright © 2011 Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan 48201-1309
Josu Zubizarreta, Michael C. Davis, and Greg Hampikian "The Y-STR Genetic Diversity of an Idaho Basque Population, with Comparison to European Basques and US Caucasians," Human Biology 83(6), 685-694, (1 December 2011). https://doi.org/10.3378/027.083.0602
Received: 5 August 2011; Accepted: 1 September 2011; Published: 1 December 2011
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