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1 February 2012 Changing Language, Remaining Pygmy
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Abstract

In this article I am illustrating the linguistic diversity of African Pygmy populations in order to better address their anthropological diversity and history. I am also introducing a new method, based on the analysis of specialized vocabulary, to reconstruct the substratum of some languages they speak. I show that Pygmy identity is not based on their languages, which have often been borrowed from neighboring non-Pygmy farmer communities with whom each Pygmy group is linked. Understanding the nature of this partnership, quite variable in history, is essential to addressing Pygmy languages, identity, and history. Finally, I show that only a multidisciplinary approach is likely to push forward the understanding of African Pygmy societies as genetic, archeological, anthropological, and ethnological evidence suggest.

© 2012 Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan 48201-1309.
Serge Bahuchet "Changing Language, Remaining Pygmy," Human Biology 84(1), 11-43, (1 February 2012). https://doi.org/10.3378/027.084.0101
Received: 8 June 2011; Accepted: 1 January 2012; Published: 1 February 2012
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