Oviductal functions have been studied mainly in primary epithelial cell culture and organ culture. However, secretory cells and ciliated cells coexist in the epithelium, and the small size of the oviduct limits the sources of both epithelial and stromal cells. To circumvent the limits, we attempted to establish clonal cell lines from an oviduct of a p53-deficient mouse. An oviduct was enzymatically digested and cultured in medium containing 10% fetal calf serum supplemented with estradiol-17β. Morphologically distinct clones (10 epithelial and 4 fibroblastic clones) were established, and all clones expressed estrogen receptor α and progesterone receptor. Expression of a mouse oviduct–specific glycoprotein gene as a marker of secretory cells was limited in one clone and was stimulated by estrogens and suppressed by progesterone. Expression of helix factor hepatocyte nuclear factor/forkhead homologue-4 gene as a marker of ciliated cells was limited in two clones and was suppressed by estrogens. The two genes were never coexpressed in any clones. The results strongly suggest that the oviductal epithelium consists of two functionally determined populations. To our knowledge, this is the first establishment of functional clonal cell lines of the oviduct and makes it possible to study independently two oviductal functions, secretion and ciliogenesis.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 39 • No. 3