Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) are known to produce monocyte chemoattractant protein–1 (MCP-1). However, MCP-1 production, as with many other cytokines, can be regulated by a network of cytokines present in the environment of the IEC. Both IEC and inflammatory cells have been shown to produce transforming growth factor–β (TGF-β), and the regulatory effect of this cytokine on MCP-1 secretion by IEC has not been determined. Using the IEC-18 cell line, we have found that TGF-β1 alone induced the secretion of high levels of MCP-1. Treatment with TGF-β1 also enhanced the levels of MCP-1 messenger ribonucleic acid. However, costimulation of the cells with TGF-β1 and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) resulted in significant, but less than additive, increases in MCP-1 secretion. Finally, the enhancing effect of TGF-β1 on MCP-1 secretion was not due to IL-6. These results suggest that TGF-β1 from IEC or inflammatory cells may significantly enhance the secretion of MCP-1 by IEC and play an important role in inflamed mucosal tissues.
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Vol. 39 • No. 3