In the present study, culture conditions that promote the growth and differentiation of manatee respiratory tract epithelial cells toward a mucociliary phenotype were determined. Characterization of a manatee-specific cell line enables investigators to conduct in vitro testing where live-animal experimentation is not possible. Cell cultures were established from both explants and enzymatically dissociated cells that were isolated from manatee bronchial tissue. To modulate their differentiation, bronchial epithelial cells were grown on Transwell® collagen membranes either submerged or at an air–liquid interface. Growth on a collagen membrane at an air–liquid interface and medium supplemented with retinoic acid was required to promote a mucociliary phenotype. When cells were grown in submerged cultures without retinoic acid, they appeared more squamous and were not ciliated. Intracellular keratin proteins were detected in both submerged and interface cultures. Cultured manatee bronchial epithelial cells will facilitate future studies to investigate their potential role in pulmonary disease associated with brevetoxicosis after exposure to the red-tide organism, Karenia brevis.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 39 • No. 5