The wound healing response to injury can be affected by many factors such as cell migration and extracellular matrix elaboration. The objective of this study was to examine the serum- and age-dependent effects on cell migration, adhesion, and collagen expression by skin fibroblasts. Dermal fibroblasts were isolated and plated with and without serum for up to 7 d. Cell migration was determined by quantitative image analysis, adhesion was quantified using a centrifugation assay, and collagen expression was assessed by PCR and immunohistochemical staining. Both adult and fetal fibroblasts migrated significantly faster in serum-containing medium compared to serum-free medium. There was no significant difference in migration between the two cell types in either serum-containing or serum-free medium. There was no significant difference in adhesion in the presence of serum, although there was a greater fraction of adherent fetal skin fibroblasts than adult fibroblasts in serum-free medium. Moreover, the adherent fraction of fetal fibroblasts in serum-free medium was not significantly different from that in serum-containing medium, suggesting that fetal skin fibroblasts possess serum-independent adhesion properties. Collagen mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated in serum-free compared to serum-containing medium for both cell types. With respect to collagen immunohistochemistry, both dermal fibroblast populations exhibited greater type I collagen compared to type III collagen staining. Quantitative assessment of collagen staining indicated significantly enhanced type I collagen secretion in the presence of serum by fetal skin fibroblasts. These findings suggest that intrinsic cellular characteristics may govern the observed differences in adult and fetal wound healing.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.