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1 March 2009 The Evolution of the World Bank's Policy Towards Forestry: Push or Pull?
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Abstract

The World Bank has historically funded, and thus heavily influenced, a significant amount of forestry activities in developing countries in recent decades. The Bank's approach towards investment in forestry has undergone major changes. Early projects financed industrial operations to the detriment of tropical native forests. In the early 1990s, the Bank's forestry strategy prioritized forest preservation. The Bank's strategy shifted again at the turn of the century, to focus on sustainable management and the role of forests in poverty alleviation. This paper examines the changes in policy direction undertaken by the Bank, in light of concurrent changes in international forest policy and the conservation community. The central question addressed is whether the Bank has led the way in bringing about change in the forestry paradigm, or were the different Bank strategies reactions to the policy environment and prevailing attitudes and pressures of the time?

R. Hajjar and J.L. Innes "The Evolution of the World Bank's Policy Towards Forestry: Push or Pull?," International Forestry Review 11(1), 27-37, (1 March 2009). https://doi.org/10.1505/ifor.11.1.27
Published: 1 March 2009
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