The olive (Olea europea L.) is characteristic of the culture in the Mediterranean region. Its origins are Anatolian in Turkey and neighboring Syria. Olive trees serve as host to a fairly high number of plant parasitic nematodes in the Mediterranean countries. Several of these nematodes are sedentary endoparasitic forms, which are recognized as pathogens to olives. In this study, records of plant parasitic nematodes associated with olive in Turkey were examined faunistically and taxominically. The records were compiled to create a current record of these fauna of plant parasitic nematodes of olive in Turkey. Their biology, distribution and associated host plants were described. This fauna consists of 19 Tylenchida plant parasitic nematode species. Since Turkish records are scant and poorly documented, this study documents the most current list of these important species.
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