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1 December 2000 Intestinal String Foreign Body in an Adult Umbrella Cockatoo (Cacatua alba)
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Abstract

Gastrointestinal foreign bodies are reported in zoo birds, ratites, and juvenile psittacine birds; however, foreign body ingestion by adult psittacine birds is uncommon. We examined an adult umbrella cockatoo (Cacatua alba) because of a 4-month history of weight loss and intermittent, dark brown, malodorous stool. Physical examination findings were unremarkable. Results of laboratory testing revealed anemia, leukocytosis, lymphopenia, monocytosis, hypoproteinemia, and hypoalbuminemia; blood lead and zinc concentrations were not elevated. Enterococcus durans was cultured aerobically from the feces. Gas-filled, dilated intestinal loops and a gas-filled proventriculus were evident on survey radiographs. The clinical signs did not resolve with initial treatment, which included ciprofloxacin, ketoconazole, and a lactobacillus supplement. Over the next 2 months, results of blood tests revealed nonregenerative anemia, intermittent leukocytosis, monocytosis, and hypoproteinemia. Staphylococcus lugdunensis and E faecium were isolated from a crop swab and fecal samples. A barium contrast study revealed a filling defect in the area of the large intestine, whereas results of fluoroscopy were normal. The cockatoo responded poorly to further treatment, including 5 days of supportive care in the hospital, and the owners requested euthanasia. On necropsy, a string foreign body (7 cm long) was found in the proximal large intestine. The string had originated from a rope toy in the bird's cage.

ALEXANDRA ADAMCAK, LAURIE R. HESS, and Katherine E. Quesenberry "Intestinal String Foreign Body in an Adult Umbrella Cockatoo (Cacatua alba)," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 14(4), 257-263, (1 December 2000). https://doi.org/10.1647/1082-6742(2000)014[0257:ISFBIA]2.0.CO;2
Published: 1 December 2000
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