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1 March 2013 Laboratory Reporting Accuracy of Polymerase Chain Reaction Testing for Avian Polyomavirus
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Abstract

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays are available for detection of birds infected with avian polyomavirus (APV). Several laboratories offer this diagnostic assay in the United States, but little information is available regarding assay sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. In this study, known APV-positive and APV-negative samples (each n = 10, 5 undiluted and 5 diluted) were sent to 5 commercial laboratories. A significant difference in reporting accuracy was found among laboratories, most notably for dilute APV-positive samples. Two out of 5 laboratories provided 100% accurate results, 1 had an accuracy of 90%, and 2 reported 80% and 75% accuracy, respectively. The accuracies of the last 2 laboratories were negatively affected by test sensitivities of 60% and 50%, respectively. These findings show that although accurate results were reported by most laboratories, both false-positive and false-negative results were reported by at least 3 laboratories, and false-negative results reported for dilute APV-positive samples predominated. These study findings illustrate a need for veterinary diagnostic laboratories to institute improved voluntary quality control measures.

© 2013 by the Association of Avian Veterinarians
Brenna Fitzgerald, Geoff Olsen, and Brian Speer "Laboratory Reporting Accuracy of Polymerase Chain Reaction Testing for Avian Polyomavirus," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 27(1), 32-37, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.1647/2012-014
Published: 1 March 2013
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