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1 September 2015 Mange Caused by a Novel Micnemidocoptes Mite in a Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos)
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Abstract

A second-year, female golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) was live trapped in northern California because of severe feather loss and crusting of the skin on the head and legs. On physical examination, the bird was lethargic, dehydrated, and thin, with severe feather loss and diffuse hyperemia and crusting on the head, ventral wings, ventrum, dorsum, and pelvic limbs. Mites morphologically similar to Micnemidocoptes derooi were identified with scanning electron microscopy. The eagle was treated with ivermectin (0.4 mg/kg) once weekly for 7 weeks, as well as pyrethrin, meloxicam, ceftiofur crystalline free acid, and voriconazole. Although the eagle's condition improved, and live mites or eggs were not evident on skin scrapings at the time of completion of ivermectin treatment, evidence of dead mites and mite feces were present after the last dose of ivermectin. Two additional doses of ivermectin and 2 doses of topical selamectin (23 mg/kg) were administered 2 and 4 weeks apart, respectively. No mite eggs, feces, or adults were evident after treatment was completed. A second golden eagle found in the same region was also affected with this mite but died soon after presentation. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of successful treatment, as well as treatment with selamectin, of mites consistent with Micnemidocoptes species in any raptorial species.

Miranda J. Sadar, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman LV, Asli Mete, Janet Foley, Nicole Stephenson, Krysta H. Rogers, Claire Grosset, K. Shawn Smallwood, Jessica Shipman, Amy Wells, Stephen D. White, Douglas A. Bell, and Michelle G. Hawkins "Mange Caused by a Novel Micnemidocoptes Mite in a Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos)," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 29(3), 231-237, (1 September 2015). https://doi.org/10.1647/2014-047
Published: 1 September 2015
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