Marchese, C.; Lazzara, L.; Pieri, M.; Massi, L.; Nuccio, C.; Santini, C., and Maselli, F., 2015. Analysis of chlorophyll-a and primary production dynamics in north Tyrrhenian and Ligurian coastal–neritic and ocean waters.Properly tuned algorithms based on optical remote sensing data can provide estimates of chlorophyll-a (as a proxy for phytoplankton biomass) concentration in near real time, allowing the monitoring of phytoplankton dynamics for both neritic and oceanic areas. The main objective of this study was, through the use of ocean color satellite images, to offer a description of the interannual variability of chlorophyll-a and primary production both in coastal–neritic and in oceanic areas of the North Tyrrhenian and Ligurian Seas (NW Mediterranean). The second objective was to highlight the possible influence of land runoff on phytoplankton biomass variability in coastal–neritic waters. The results indicate that seasonal cycles of phytoplankton biomass and production were quite different in neritic areas potentially affected by freshwater runoff compared to offshore waters. Neritic areas are characterized by an anticipated bloom (winter–spring) and by higher spatial variability that appears to be linked with the distance from shore. Meanwhile, oceanic areas are dominated by a marked seasonal cycle and the typical bloom occurs in spring (March–April) in relation with vertical mixing. Finally, linear regression analysis suggests the influence of freshwater runoff in modulating the variability of chlorophyll-a in coastal–neritic areas. Overall, the results confirm previous observations on the dynamics of phytoplankton biomass and contribute to more realistic and lower estimates of both chlorophyll-a concentration and annual primary production.