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1 June 2013 Seasonal Flux and Assemblage Composition of Planktic Foraminifers from a Sediment-Trap Study in the Northern Gulf of Mexico
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Abstract
Poore, R.Z.; Tedesco, K.A., and Spear, J.W., 2013. Seasonal flux and assemblage composition of planktic foraminifers from a sediment-trap study in the northern Gulf of Mexico. In: Brock, J.C.; Barras, J.A., and Williams, S.J. (eds.), Understanding and Predicting Change in the Coastal Ecosystems of the Northern Gulf of Mexico, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 63, pp. 6–19, Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.Sediment-trap samples from the northern Gulf of Mexico reveal that Globorotalia truncatulinoides, Neogloboquadrina dutertrei, Pulleniatina spp. (includes P. obliquiloculata and P. finalis), and the Globorotalia menardii group (includes Gt. menardii, Gt. tumida, and Gt. ungulata) generally occur in cold months. Globigerinoides ruber (white and pink varieties) and Globigennoides sacculifer occur throughout the year. The seasonal occurrence of individual taxa of planktic foraminifers in the Gulf of Mexico have important differences with the seasonal occurrence of the same taxa observed in a 6-year sediment-trap dataset from the western Sargasso Sea. Thus information on the ecologic preferences of individual taxa determined in one region cannot necessarily be applied directly to another area. In the northern Gulf of Mexico ∼90% of the total flux of Globorotalia truncatulinoides tests to sediments occurs in January and February. Mg/Ca and d18Ο; measurements indicate that nonencrusted forms of Gt. truncatulinoides calcify in the upper-surface-mixed zone. Thus, analyses of nonencrusted Gt. truncatulinoides in sediments of the northern Gulf of Mexico have potential for monitoring past conditions in the winter-surface-mixed layer. The relatively low overall abundance of Globigerinoides ruber (white) in sediment-trap samples is anomalous because Gs. ruber (white) is one of the most abundant foraminifers in>150 µm census data from northern Gulf of Mexico Holocene sediment core samples. Globigerinoides ruber (pink) is a relatively persistent and common component of the sediment-trap samples. Thus Gs. ruber (pink) has potential as a proxy for mean annual sea-surface temperature in the Gulf of Mexico.
© Coastal Education & Research Foundation 2013
Richard Z. Poore, Kathy A. Tedesco and Jessica W. Spear "Seasonal Flux and Assemblage Composition of Planktic Foraminifers from a Sediment-Trap Study in the Northern Gulf of Mexico," Journal of Coastal Research (JCR) 63(sp1), (1 June 2013). https://doi.org/10.2112/SI63-002.1
Received: 13 October 2011; Accepted: 12 June 2012; Published: 1 June 2013
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