Remotely sensed images, maps, charts, and historical accounts document the evolution of the Lingayen Gulf bayhead plain in the northwestern Philippines. Beach ridges and relict channel patterns record delta progradation and switching that, together with meander belt migration, constructed the bayhead plain. The latest delta switching occurred after 1935, when the downstream portion of the Agno River, the largest river discharging into the bayhead, was artificially diverted to a more direct route. The shoreline retreated in the abandoned delta; in contrast, paired sets of beach ridges that diverge toward the new river mouth formed a cuspate delta. In the more landward portions of the coastal plain, similar but older pairs of wedge-shaped beach ridge sets occur between more continuous to parallel sets that also truncate their apical ends. The pair of wedge-shaped sets was used to map paleodelta lobes; the continuous-parallel sets record transgressive events. Within 7 kilometers of the bayhead plain, at least 15 paleodelta lobes were alternately, successively, or simultaneously built by three river systems. These paleodeltas formed during the sea level fall from 2.4 ka to the present. Before this, westward tilting because of movements along the two faults that bound the alluvial plain and switching of the main distributary channel of the Agno alluvial fan caused the lower Agno River to migrate episodically to the southwest. Continued channel avulsions in the alluvial fan changed the sediment loads of the multiple river pathways created by meander belt migration, leading to delta switching downstream. Contemporaneous 220-year recurrences of delta switching and high-magnitude Philippine Fault earthquakes indicate tectonic control of the bayhead plain evolution.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.