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1 November 2008 Geomorphological Mapping along the Upper Southeast Florida Atlantic Continental Platform; I: Mapping Units, Symbolization and Geographic Information System Presentation of Interpreted Seafloor Topography
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Abstract

Continental shelf environments along the Florida Atlantic southeast coast offshore Palm Beach County were mapped by interpreting seafloor topography derived from airborne laser bathymetry. The study area covered approximately 270 km2 along 75 km of coast, extending from the shore to about 55 m water depth beyond the shelf break to the upper Florida-Hatteras Slope. Forty-two mapping units were used to depict seafloor features that ranged from bedrock outcrops and coral reefs to different types of morphosedimentary bodies. Background theory and protocols of geomorphological symbolization are provided as a rationale for the seafloor mapping. Geomorphological mapping symbols were developed specifically for this project and collected in a symbol library as part of an ArcInfo GIS extension that was used to produce the maps in a GIS environment. Spatial distribution patterns of landform assemblages evident in the color-pattern mapping units permitted regionalization of shelf environments into three primary geomorphological reaches: Reach I, Sand Flats and Karst Topography; Reach II, Sand Flats and Coral Reefs; and Reach III, Sand Flats, Hardgrounds, and Coral Reefs. The main hardbottom mapping units include rock outcrop and subcrop, rock rubble, ridge fields, and structural sand flats. Sandy nontidal morphosedimentary bodies include diabathic channel fields, dune fields, sand flats, and bar and trough systems. Tidal morphosedimentary features include ebb-tidal deltas, sandbars, and lobe bars. Results of this mapping effort showed that it is possible to map marine and drowned terrestrial landforms on the continental shelf as depicted in high-resolution airborne laser bathymetry. Adaptation of existing symbols or development of specialized symbolization was required to show geomorphic units to advantage. These maps, which characterize shelf environments, are contextualized in terms of shapes, forms, materials, and coastal process zones. These types of maps find immediate application in regional and detailed sand searches for beach renourishment, subsea cable and pipeline routes, wave and current modeling studies, and environmental management.

Charles W. Finkl, Jacob Estebanell Becerra, Victoria Achatz, and Jeffrey L. Andrews "Geomorphological Mapping along the Upper Southeast Florida Atlantic Continental Platform; I: Mapping Units, Symbolization and Geographic Information System Presentation of Interpreted Seafloor Topography," Journal of Coastal Research 2008(246), 1388-1417, (1 November 2008). https://doi.org/10.2112/08A-0007.1
Received: 10 June 2008; Accepted: 1 June 2008; Published: 1 November 2008
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