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1 March 2011 Romanian Marine Centennial
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Abstract

This article explores an Antarctic expedition that led to the development of marine sciences in Romania, celebrating their one hundredth anniversary, and the creation of marine stations. Emil Racovitza participated in the Belgica Antarctic Expedition of de Gerlache which seems to have nurtured his interest in the marine sciences. He is credited with launching oceanography in Romania. Other major figures in the development of oceanography and the creation of marine research facilities are Borcea and Antipa, whose careers are retraced in the paper. Recently all research points have been regrouped to form the National Institute for Research and Development.

La Roumanie fête le centenaire de son océanographie et l'INRDM (Institut National pour la Recherche et le Dévelopment Marins “Grigore Antipa”) célèbre les 40 années de sa création; de fait il s'agit d'un organisme issu de la coalescence de plusieurs stations océanographiques qui ont jalonné le développement de l'océanographie en Roumanie. Plusieurs noms de personalités proéminentes sont citées dans ce bref aperçu. Racovitza, qui se fit un renom en tant que membre du complément scientifique de l'expédition de la Belgica en Antarctique, y trouva probablement sa vocation marine. Les festivités de l'anniversaire, qui ont un cachet international, se centreront sur un symposium.

Istoricul oceanologiei româneşti poate fi rezumat prin evocarea personalităţilor lui E. Racoviţa, G. Antipa, I. Borcea şi a instituţionalizării cercetării marine în staţiunile şi laboratoarele care au general Institutul Român de Cercetări Marine/Institutul Naţional de Cercetare-Dezvoltare Marină “Grigore Antipa” şi Institutul Naţional de Cercetare-Dezvoltare pentru Geologie şi Geoecologie Marină “GeoEcoMar.”

Die Geschichte der rumänischen Meereswissenschaften kann zusammen-gefasst werden durch die Berufung der Persönlichkeiten von Emil Racovitza, Grigore Antipa und Ioan Borcea sowie die Institutionalisierung der Meeresforschung in Forschungseinrichtungen, die zur Gründung des Rumänischen Meeresforschungs-institut/Nationalinstitut für Meeresforschung und Entwicklung “Grigore Antipa” und des Nationalinsitut für Forschung und Entwicklung der Meeresgeologie und Ökologie (GeoEcoMar) geführt haben.

Alexandru S. Bologa and Roger H. Charlier "Romanian Marine Centennial," Journal of Coastal Research 27(2), 364-367, (1 March 2011). https://doi.org/10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-10A-00013.1
Received: 1 October 2010; Accepted: 1 October 2010; Published: 1 March 2011
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