da Silva Dias, F.J.; Valente Marins, R., and Parente Maia, L., 2013. Impact of drainage basin changes on suspended matter and particulate copper and zinc discharges to the ocean from the Jaguaribe River in the semiarid NE Brazilian coast.
This study aims to understand the fluvial contribution to the estuary and thence to the ocean and the behavior of the suspended particulate matter (SPM) and particulate Cu and Zn during spring tide cycles and during the dry and rainy seasons in 2005, 2006, and 2008, at the Jaguaribe River Estuary, NE Brazil. The distribution of metals concentrations in SPM during dry and rainy seasons suggests a lithogenic origin of aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and copper (Cu), as a result of erosion and leaching of soils in the drainage basin due to anthropogenic drivers, such as urbanization, shrimp farming, and agriculture. Anthropogenic drivers also affect Zn flows associated with SPM during the dry season. The highest discharges of SPM and particulate metals occurred during rainy periods due higher freshwater volumes observed in the estuarine channel. The results strongly suggest that the high variability of discharges typical of semiarid drainage basins can be underestimated with the use of secondary data, showing the necessity of obtaining data in situ.