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1 September 2014 Challenges in Building Coastal Digital Elevation Models
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Abstract

Eakins, B.W. and Grothe, P.R., 2014. Challenges in building coastal digital elevation models.

Digital elevation models (DEMs) support a wide variety of uses, including modeling of surface processes, habitat mapping and conservation planning, coastal change and terrain analysis, and Earth visualization and exploration. These models may, however, contain significant deviations from the surface they are intended to represent, which could reduce their usefulness. Additional complexities arise when integrating bathymetric and topographic data to create coastal DEMs. We identify common challenges in building square-cell, coastal DEMs and present some solutions. These challenges are grouped into six general categories: (1) source data, (2) data processing, (3) model development, (4) model assessment, (5) morphologic change, and (6) model uncertainty. Some DEM best practices to help improve DEM accuracy and utility include: visual inspection of source data in a geographic information system (GIS) environment; establishing common horizontal and vertical datums; using data buffers and bathymetric presurfaces; assessing DEM accuracy; accounting for morphologic change; and quantifying DEM uncertainty at the cell level.

Barry W. Eakins and Pamela R. Grothe "Challenges in Building Coastal Digital Elevation Models," Journal of Coastal Research 30(5), (1 September 2014). https://doi.org/10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-13-00192.1
Received: 22 October 2013; Accepted: 19 November 2013; Published: 1 September 2014
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